Johnson changed the name of the league to the American League, leading teams in his league to be christened with the unofficial nickname "Americans".
This was especially true in the case of the new Boston franchise, which did not adopt an official nickname until The upstart league placed franchises in Baltimore, Maryland and Buffalo. After looking at his new league, Ban Johnson decided that he needed a team in Boston to compete with the National League team there, and so cancelled the Buffalo club's franchise, offering one to a new club in Boston. The Boston franchise was purchased in by Milwaukee publisher, George Brumder who sold the team one year later.
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In , Boston participated in the first modern World Series , going up against the Pittsburgh Pirates. Aided by the modified chants of " Tessie " by the Royal Rooters fan club and by its stronger pitching staff, the Americans managed to overcome the odds, and win the best-of-nine series five games to three.
The club was almost as good as the previous team, but due to the surprise emergence of the New York Highlanders , the Boston club found itself in a tight pennant race through the last games of the season. A predecessor to what became a storied rivalry, this race featured such controversial moves as the trade of Patsy Dougherty to the Highlanders for Bob Unglaub.
The climax of the season occurred on the last, dramatic doubleheader at the Highlanders' home stadium, Hilltop Park. In order to win the pennant, the Highlanders needed to win both games.
With Jack Chesbro , the Highlanders' game winner, on the mound, and the score tied 2—2 with a man on third in the top of the ninth, a spitball got away from Chesbro and Lou Criger scored the go-ahead run on one of the most famous wild pitches in history.
The NL champion New York Giants declined to play any postseason series , fearing it would give their New York rivals credibility they had expected the Highlanders to win , but a sharp public reaction led the two leagues immediately to make the World Series a permanent championship, starting in These successful times soon ended, however, as Boston lost games in However, several new star players helped the newly renamed Red Sox improve almost immediately. By , center fielder Tris Speaker had become a fixture in the Boston outfield, and the team worked their way to third place.
However, the Red Sox did not win the pennant again until their win season. From to the Red Sox were owned by Joseph Lannin , who signed Babe Ruth , soon the best-known and one of the best players ever. Another wins in propelled the Red Sox to the World Series , where they beat the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one.
Following the season, Tris Speaker was traded to the Cleveland Indians. His departure was more than compensated for, however, by the emergence of star pitcher Babe Ruth. A couple of notable trades involving Harry Frazee and the Yankees occurred before the Babe Ruth sale. On December 18, , outstanding outfielder Duffy Lewis , pitcher Dutch Leonard who had posted a modern record 0.
On December 26, ,  Frazee sold Babe Ruth, who had played the previous six seasons for the Red Sox, to the rival New York Yankees Ruth had just broken the single-season home run record, hitting 29 in My Lady Friends had, indeed, been financed by the Ruth sale to the Yankees. Although Frazee owned the Boston Red Sox franchise, he did not own Fenway Park it was owned by the Fenway Park Trust , making his ownership a precarious one; Johnson could move another team into the ballpark.
His club was in debt, but Frazee felt the need to purchase its playing site which he did in Further, providing the Yankees with a box office attraction would help that mediocre club, which had sided with him against Johnson and "the Loyal Five" clubs. Frazee moved Ruth to stabilize Red Sox finances and cut distractions.
It was a straight sale, no players in return. New York achieved great success after acquiring Ruth and several other very good players. After deciding to get out of baseball, Frazee began selling many of his star players. Acquiring Dugan helped the Yankees edge the St.
Louis Browns in a tight pennant race, and the resulting uproar helped create a June 15 trading deadline that went into effect the next year. The loss of so much talent sent the Red Sox into free fall, even with the money Frazee earned from the trades. During the s and early s, they were fixtures in the second division, never finishing closer than 20 games out of first. The losses only mounted when Frazee sold the team to Bob Quinn in During an eight-year period from to , the Red Sox averaged over losses per season, bottoming out in with a record of , still the worst record in franchise history.
One of the few bright spots on these teams was Earl Webb , who set the all-time mark for most doubles in a season in with The BoSox' fortunes began to change in when Tom Yawkey bought the team. Yawkey acquired pitcher Wes Ferrell and one of the greatest pitchers of all-time, Lefty Grove , making his team competitive once again in the late thirties. He also acquired Joe Cronin , an outstanding shortstop and manager and slugging first baseman Jimmie Foxx whose 50 home runs in stood as a club record for 68 years.
Foxx also drove in a club record runs.
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The right-field bullpens in Fenway were built in part for Williams' left-handed swing, and are sometimes called "Williamsburg. His book The Science of Hitting is widely read by students of baseball. He is currently the last player to hit over. Louis Cardinals in seven games in part because of the use of the "Williams Shift", a defensive tactic in which the shortstop moves to the right side of the infield to make it harder for the left-handed-hitting Williams to hit to that side of the field.
Some have claimed that he was too proud to hit to the other side of the field, not wanting to let the Cardinals take away his game. His performance may have also been affected by a pitch he took in the elbow in an exhibition game a few days earlier. Either way, in his only World Series, Williams gathered just five singles in 25 at-bats for a. The Cardinals won the Series when Enos Slaughter scored the go-ahead run all the way from first base on a base hit to left field. The throw from Leon Culberson was cut off by shortstop Johnny Pesky , who relayed the ball to the plate just a hair too late.
Some say Pesky hesitated or "held the ball" before he turned to throw the ball, but this has been disputed.
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The Red Sox narrowly lost the AL pennant in and In , Boston finished in a tie with Cleveland , and their loss to Cleveland in a one-game playoff ended hopes of an all-Boston World Series. Curiously, manager Joseph McCarthy chose journeyman Denny Galehouse to start the playoff game when the young lefty phenom Mel Parnell was available to pitch. In , the Red Sox were one game ahead of the New York Yankees , with the only two games left for both teams being against each other, and they lost both of those games.
The s were viewed as a time of tribulation for the Red Sox. After Williams returned from the Korean War in , many of the best players from the late s had retired or been traded. Willie Mays also tried out for Boston and was highly praised by team scouts. In , Frank Malzone debuted at third base and Ted Williams hit. Williams retired at the end of the season , famously hitting a home run in his final at-bat as memorialized in the John Updike story "Hub fans bid Kid adieu. The s also started poorly for the Red Sox, though saw the debut of Carl "Yaz" Yastrzemski , Williams' replacement in left field, who developed into one of the better hitters of a pitching-rich decade.
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Red Sox fans know as the season of the "Impossible Dream. The BoSox had finished the season in ninth place, but they found new life with Yastrzemski as the team won the pennant to reach the World Series.
Yastrzemski won the American League Triple Crown the most recent player to accomplish such a feat until Miguel Cabrera did so in , hitting. Louis Cardinals in seven games. Cardinals pitcher Bob Gibson stymied the Red Sox, winning three games. An year-old Bostonian rookie named Tony Conigliaro slugged 24 home runs in He was struck just above the left cheek bone by a fastball thrown by Jack Hamilton of the California Angels on Friday, August 18, and sat out the entire next season with headaches and blurred vision.
Although he did have a productive season in , he was never the same. Although the Red Sox were competitive for much of the late s and early s, they never finished higher than second place in their division. The closest they came to a divisional title was , when they lost by a half-game to the Detroit Tigers. The start of the season was delayed by a players' strike, and the Red Sox had lost one more game to the strike than the Tigers had. Games lost to the strike were not made up.
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The Red Sox went to Detroit with a half-game lead for the final series of the season, but lost the first two of those three and were eliminated from the pennant race. The Red Sox won the AL pennant in Fred Lynn won both the American League Rookie of the Year award and the Most Valuable Player award, a feat which had never previously been accomplished, and was not duplicated until Ichiro Suzuki did it in Luis Tiant won games 1 and 4 of the World Series but after five games, the Red Sox trailed the series 3 games to 2.
Game 6 at Fenway Park is considered among the greatest games in postseason history. Down 6—3 in the bottom of the eighth inning, Red Sox pinch hitter Bernie Carbo hit a three-run homer into the center field bleachers off Reds fireman Rawly Eastwick to tie the game. In the top of the eleventh inning, right fielder Dwight Evans made a spectacular catch of a Joe Morgan line drive and doubled off Ken Griffey at first base to preserve the tie.
In the bottom of the twelfth inning, Carlton Fisk hit a deep fly ball which sliced towards the left field foul pole above the Green Monster.
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